BBA 1st Year Business Ethics Work Life in Indian Philosophy Long Question Answer

(1) Counseling: Counseling is the discussion of a problem with an employee with a view to help the employee to cope up with a problem in a better way. Counseling helps in improving employee’s mental health by release of emotional tension. People will get emotional release from their frustrations and other problems whenever they have an opportunity to tell someone about them.

(2) Meditation: It is another way of managing stress. Meditation involves quiet, concentrated inner thought in order to rest the bodly physically and mentally. It temporarily helps a person from reducing stress.

The five significant areas of change are as follows:

i) From rural living to urban living.

(ii) From stationary to mobile.

(iii) From self-sufficient to over consumption.

(iv) From isolated to inter-connect.

(v) From physically active to sedentary lifestyle.

Indian Perspective for Stress Management

The Indian ways of managing stress are:

(i) Self-introspection

(ii) Brain stilling

(iii) Meditation

We have to embark upon self-study, self-analysis and self-criticism to locate areas of friction, tension and disharmony. We should prepare a balance sheet of own strengths and weaknesses. Our mind may identify weak spots. By regular introspection we would find out a solution to the problems so that the concerned parts of our being can be persuaded to play the desired role. Introspection involves self-examination of one’s thoughts, feelings and sensations. Constant practice or ‘Sadhna’ helps us to discard unwanted traits and cultivate good values to purify our mind and heart. Indian philosophy also advocates brain stilling. It believes that for taking a rational decision, silent mind is the most effective way to get a sound and lasting solution to all the management problems. It is the most reliable method to discover solution to difficulties and problems which cannot be tackled by arguments and reasons. Lastly, a dynamic meditation is a meditation which transforms lower consciousness into higher consciousness. It opens the ‘third eye’ of wisdom through insight. Meditation helps to solve many complex managerial problems demanding higher consciousness.

Western Thought for Resolution of Stress Problems

In contrast to Indian philosophy or thoughts of ‘simple living and high thinking’ western thoughts lay emphasis on materialistic civilization. They believe in “success” as the goal of human life and aim at attaining high standard of living. Thus western society has been rightly designated by Prof. W.W. Rostow as ‘High Mass Consumption Society’. For resolution of stress problems, the western thought resort to brain storming by managers to solve difficult problems. To the western management, the worker is all, man stands nowhere. He is treated like a hired commodity, which is paid for and rewarded as long as it is serviceable. The moment he ceases to be productive, he is promptly replaced.

On the contrary, Indian philosophy lay emphasis on,

(I) Moral development.

(ii) Refinement of human values.

To conclude we can say that rationalism of the west leads to material success while spiritualism of the east leads to perfection on earth.

Q.5. What is the relevance of trans-cultural human values to the field of management? Discuss some important Indian cultural values having relevance in modern management.

Or  What is the relevance of trans-cultural human values to the field of management? Why has
it become essential for study in management education during recent times?

Or Explain in detail the Indian values for the work place

Ans.  Introduction A value is a belief on which a person acts by preference. A value is a
prescriptive belief. The word ‘value’ means the worth, merit, usefulness or importance of a thing. Everyone does not hold the same values. The value of a thing varies from person to person and it is more of a relative concept. Few of the trans-cultural values comes to us by our ancestors.

Culture It refers to shared general beliefs and values that defines what is right and what is wrong and what is gooI and what is bad. For example, the sun is worshipped as a god in Hindu culture.

Trans-cultural Human Values : The values which are same across different cultures in the world are called trans-cultural human values. These values prevail in the entire world. This value makes an individual a good manager. These values are very helpful to the management.

Some of the trans-cultural values followed by managers are:

(a) Unbiased personality.

(b) Loyalty towards workers.

(c) Cooperation

(d) Open-mindedness and transparency in dealing.

(e) Clear objective

(f) Self-discipline.

(g) Managing ir.terpersonal role.

(h) Socially responsible.

(A) Inspiration to give Relevance of Trans-Cultural Human Values in Management: In view of the above, it is absolutely necessary for the management to work seriously for developing Trans-cultural human values in managers. Values like self discipline, cooperation, inspiration, integrity, satisfaction play a very vital role in uplifting the organization in a society. The importance and relevance of trans-cultural values in management is reflected in the following points:

(1) Credibility Among Stakeholders : Stakeholders are those individuals who are directly or indirectly affected by decisions of organization. These include customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders etc.

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