UPTET Paper Level 1 English Active And Passive Voice Example Wise Study Material Notes

Rule 12  : If the Imperative Sentence is Negative , the Passive voice should have ‘Let not’ in place of ‘Do not’ . Also after the subject ‘be’ + third form of the verb should be used.As:

Active: Do not see a bad movie.

Passive: Let not a bad movie be seen by you.

Active: Do not beat the boy.

Passive: Let not the boy be beaten.

Rule 13 : In case of Interrogative Sentence, if the sentence begins with a helping verb  (Do, does,did, is , are, am, was, were, has, have, and had ) the Passive Voice also begins with the helping verb, but the form of the helping verb changes according to the new subject in the Passive Voice.

Note: (i)          Has, have, had take, ‘been’ before the third form of the verb.

  •       Interrogative sentences beginning with an Interrogative Pronoun/Adverb (Who,

what, whom, etc.) begin in the Passive voice with ‘by’ whom or by/with what As:

Active: Does Ravi help Sudhir ?

Passive: Is Sudhir helped by Ravi?

Active: Have they killed the lion ?

Passive : Has the lion been killed by them ?

Active: Who has cheated him ?

Passive : By whom has he been cheated ?

Active: What pleased you so much.

Passive: With what were you pleased so much.

Rule 14 : Some other structures : Usually ‘by’ is  used before the Object in the Passive Voice. But there are some Verbs on account of which some other Preposition are used before the object in place of ‘by’ As :

  1. at is used after : A stonished , surprised, shocked, alarmed, disappointed, displeased and distressed.
  2. to is used after : Known and obliged.
  3. With is used after : Pleased,  satisfied, disgusted and impressed.
  4. In is used after : Interested, consisted and impressed.

Active : Her behavior disappointed me.

Passive : I was disappointed at her behaviour.

Active : His condition alarmed me.

Passive : I was alarmed at his condition.

Active : I know his brother.

Passive : His brother is known to me.

Active : This job interests me.

Passive : I am interested in this job.

Rule 15 : Some sentenced begin with ‘there’ followed by Verb+ Subject+ Infinitive . No Change is made in such sentences in the Passive Voice except that the Simple Present Infinitive is changed into the Past Indefinite (to be + Past + Participle ). The rest of the sentence remains unchanged. As :

Active : There is no milk to waste.

Passive : There is no milk to be wasted.

Active : There is no time to waste.

Passive : There is no time to be wasted.

Rule 16 : In some sentences Infinitive without ‘to’ is used . As :

Active : I made him run away.

Passive : He was made to run away.

Active : We saw him jump the ditch.

Passive : He was seen to jump the ditch.

Active : He let me go.

Passive : I was let go.

Rule 17 : In some sentences that + Noun clause is used after the principal verb and this Noun clause is the Object of the Transitive Verb in the Principal clause. Some special care has to be taken in converting such sentences into the Passive Voice . In such sentence no Passive Voice is made of the Principal clause , only its sense is expressed in same way. Then the Noun clause is changed into the Passive voice according to normal rules .In such sentences we don’t usually use by + object.As :

Active : We know that he is a great scholar.

Passive : He is known to be a great scholar.

Active : It is believed that he is obsolutely honest.

Passive : He is believed to be absolutely honest.

Note : They Verbs after which a Noun clause can be used as the object are these.

Know , say , believe, think, consider, find, claim, report, hold etc.

Rule 18 : Sometimes in the sentences of the above pattern, the Noun clause is already in the into Passive Voice, the Principal clause is retained unchanged. The that + Subject + Verb of the Noun clause are removed . After the Verb of the  Principal Clause , we should use to be + third form of the Verb of the Noun clause . As :

Active : He wants that he should be recognized as a great scholar.

Passive : He wants to be recognized as a great scholar.

Active : He desires that he should be respected by all.

Passive : He desires to be respected by all.

Exercise

Directions : A sentence has been given in Active / Passive Voice .  Out of the four alternatives suggested below, select the one which best expresses the same sense in Passive /Active Voice-

  1. Someone has lit the fire
  2. The fire was lit by someone
  3. You are requested to light the fire by someone.
  4. The fire has been lit by someone
  5. The fire had been lit by someone
  6. You surprise me :
  7. I am to be surprised
  8. You are surprised
  9. I am surprised by you
  10. He is surprised
  11. The boys killed the snake with a stick : 
  12. The snake was killed by the boys with a stick.
  13. A stick was killed by the boys with a snake
  14. A snake with a stick was killed by the boys
  15. A snake is killed by the boys with a stick :
  16. Let me do this:
  17. Let us do this
  18. This is to be done by me
  19. Let this be done by me
  20. Let  I do this
  21. The tiger caught a fox:
  22. A fox has been caught by the tiger
  23. A fox was caught by the tiger
  24. A fox is caught by the tiger
  25. A fox had been caught by the tiger
  26. This shirt cannot be wrong by me any longer:
  27. I cannot wear this shirt any longer
  28. Wearing of this shirt any longer is not possible
  29. This shirt is too worn out any longer
  30. This worn out shirt cannot be worn any longer
  31. Lion does not eat grass, however hungry he may be :
  32. Grass is not eaten by a lion , however hungry he may be
  33. Grass is not being eaten by a lion , however hungry he may be
  34. Grass is eaten not by a lion , however hungry he  may be
  35. Grass is not being eaten by a lion, however hungry he  may be
  36. Someone saw him picking up a gun:
  37. He was seen pick up a gun by someone
  38. He was seen picking up a gun by someone
  39. He is seen picking up a gun by someone
  40. He was seen by someone pick a gun
  41. He was obliged to resign:
  42. He was make to resign
  43. To resign was his obligation
  44. Circumstances obliged him to resign
  45. Resignation obliged  him
  46. Why did you not agree to my proposal?
  47. Why was my proposal not agreed to ?
  48. Why was my proposal not agreed by you ?
  49. Why my proposal was not agreed to by you ?
  50. Why was my proposal not agreed to by you :
  51. Do you understand what I mean ?
  52. What I mean is that understood by you?
  53. Was what I mean understood by you ?
  54. Is what I mean understood by you ?
  55. What I mean is understood by you ?
  56. Whom does he look for ?
  57. Whom he is looked after for ?
  58. Who is looked after for him ?
  59. Who is looked for by him ?
  60. Whome he is looked after by ?
  61. They say that you did that :
  62. You are told to do that
  63. You are advised to do that
  64. You did that said by them
  65. You are said to have done that
  66. I am doing sums :
  67. Sums are done by me
  68. Sums are being done by me
  69. I must be doing the sums
  70. Sums must be done by me
  71. The noise of the traffic kept me awake :
  72. I was kept awake by the noise of the traffic
  73. The traffic kept me awake by the noise
  74. I kept myself awake due to the noise of the traffic
  75. I remained awake by the noise of the traffic
  76. He was congratulated by his teacher on his brilliant success in the recent examination :
  77. He congratulated his teacher on his brilliant success in the recent examinationtion
  78. His teacher congratulated him for his brilliant success in the examination
  79. His teacher congratulated him on his  brilliant success in the examination
  80. His teacher congratulated him
  81. People speak English all over the world
  82. English is spoken all over the world
  83. English was spoken all over the world
  84. English was spoken by people
  85. English is spoken by people
  86. Who gave you permission to enter?
  87. By whom were you given permission to enter ?
  88. By whom was you given permission to enter?
  89. By whom you were given permission to enter?
  90. By whom were given you permission to enter?
  91. The Principal has granted him a scholarship :
  92. A scholarship has granted to him by the Principal
  93. He has been granted a scholarship by the Principal
  94. He has granted a scholarship by the Principal
  95. A scholarship was granted to him by the Principal
  96. Before festivals the shops are throunged with men, women and children making various purchases:
  97. During festivals people throng the shops
  98. Men, women, and children throng the shops before festivals making various purchases
  99. Men, women and children make purchases during festivals
  100. The shops are thronged by people making purches
  101. The accountant took the money from the customer:
  102. The money is taken from the customer by the accountant
  103. The money was taken from the customer by the accountant
  104. The customer was taken the money by the accountant
  105. The money had been taken from the customer by the accountant
  106. The peon refused him admittance:
  107. He was refused admittance by the peon
  108. Admittance is refused to him by the peon to him
  109. Admittance was refused by the peon to him
  110. Admittance is refused him by the peon
  111. The reporter was interviewing the political leaders:
  112. The political leaders were being interviewed by the reporter
  113. The political leaders was being interviewed by the reporter
  114. The political leaders are being interviewed by the reporters
  115. The political leaders is being interviewed by the reporter
  116. The breavers have  built a perfect dam across the stream
  117. A perfect dam had been built by the breavers across the stream
  118. A perfect dam has been built by the breavers across stream
  119. A perfect dam have been built by the breavers across the stream
  120. A perfect dam was being built by the breavers across the stream
  121. You should follow all the instructions carefully  :
  122. All the instructions are carefully followed by us
  123. All the instructions were carefully followed by us
  124. All the instructions should be carefully followed by you
  125. All the instructions can be carefully followed by us
  126. Circumstances will oblige me to go :
  127. I will oblige the circumstances and go
  128. I shall be obliged to go by the circumstances
  129. Under the circumstances, I should go
  130. I shall be obliged by the circumstances to go
  131. We waste much time on trifles :
  132. Much time was wasted on trifles
  133. Much time will be wasted on trifles
  134. Much time is wasted by us on trifles
  135. Much time is wasted on trifles
  136. Mohan gave the  begger an old shirt :
  137. An old shirt was given to Mohan by the begger
  138. An old shirt was gave to the begger by Mohan
  139. The begger was gave an old shirt by Mohan
  140. An old shirt was given to the begger by Mohan
  141. They made him a king
  142. A king has been made by him
  143. He was made a king by them
  144. They have been made king by him
  145. He has been made a king by them
  146. Who taught you English ?
  147. By whom English was taught to you ?
  148. By whom you were taught English ?
    By whom was English taught to you ?
  149. By whom are you tought English ?
  150. The boy has rung the bell :
  151. The bell has been rung by the boy
  152. The bell was being rung by the boy
  153. The bell was rung by the boy
  154. The bell has been being rung by the boy
  155. He likes people to call him Sir :
  156. He likes to be called Sir by people
  157. He likes to be call Sir by people
  158. He likes people who call him Sir
  159. To call him Sir is liked by people
  160. We added up the money and found that it was correct :
  161. The  money was added up and found to be correct
  162. Correct it was found and the money was added up
  163. The money added up by us and it was correctly found
  164. The  money added up  by us and found it was correct
  165. The telegraph wires have been cut :
  166. Someone has been cut the telegraph wires
  167. No one has cut the telegraph wires
  168. The telegraph wires have cut someone
  169. Someone has cut the telegraph wires
  170. Will she tell us the truth ?
  171. Is the truth told to us by her?
  172. The truth will be told to us by her ?
  173. Will the truth be told to us by her ?
  174. Will the truth be told us by her?
  175. We all know that there is only one God:
  176. We are all know that there is only one God
  177. It is known to us all that there is only one God
  178. We have all known that there is only one God
  179. Only one God is known by us all
  180. The people elected the Mayor:
  181. Him was elected Mayor the people
  182. He was elected Mayor by the people
  183. Mayor is elected Mayor by the people
  184. He is elected by the people Mayor
  185. Don’t laugh at me:
  186. Let me be laughed at
  187. Let be me not laughed at
  188. I am laughed at
  189. Let me be not laughed at
  190. I saw him leaving the house :
  191. Leaving the house he was seen by me
  192. He was seen leaving the house by me
  193. He had been seen leaving the house
  194. He was seen to be leaving the house
  195. Someone pulled the bull violently:
  196. The bull had been pulled violently by someone
  197. The bull was to be pulled violently by someone
  198. The bull had been pull violently
  199. The bull was pulled violently
  200. They pick the flowers fresh every morning:
  201. The fresh flowers are picked every morning by them
  202. The flowers are fresh and picked every morning by them
  203. The flowerd are picked fresh every morning by them
  204. The picked flowers are fresh every morning by them
  205. Everyone looked up to him:
  206. He was looked up to by everyone
  207. He is looked up to by everyone
  208. He is looked up by everyone
  209. He looks up by everyone
  210. Tell him to get out of our house:
  211. He is told to get out of our house
  212. Let him be told to get of our house
  213. He might be told to get of our houses
  214. He should be told that he may get out of our house
  215. Those who worked hard seldom abtained good marks:
  216. Good marks were seldom being obtained by those who worked hard
  217. Good marks are seldom obtained by those who worked hard
  218. Seldom  had good marks been obtained by those who worked hard
  219. Good marks were seldom obtained by those who worked hard
  220. Has the price rise affected all the people?
  221. Have all the people been affected by the price rise?
  222. Are all the people being affected by the price rise?
  223. Had all the people being affected by the price rise?
  224. Are all the people affected by the price rise?
  225. Why haven’t they allowed you to go?
  226. Why you haven’t been allowed to go?
  227. Why haven’t you been allowed to go?
  228. Why were you not allowed to go?
  229. Why you were not allowed to go?
  230. I expected him to give us financial aid:
  231. It was expected of him to give us financial aid
  232. Let it be expected that he would give us financial aid
  233. It was expected by me that he will give us financial aid
  234. He may expected to give us financial aid
  235. Tobacco manufacturers are making considerable efforts to gain new clients
  236. Considerable efforts are being made by tobacco manufacturers to gain new clients
  237. Considerable efforts were being made by tobacco manufacturers to gain new clients
  238. Considerable efforts are made by tobacco manufacturers to gain new clients
  239. To gain new clients by tobacco manufacturers, considerable  efforts are being made
  240. Has anybody done all the work?
  241. Have all the work been done by somebody?
  242. Somebody has done all the work?
  243. The work has been done by somebody?
  244. Have all the work been done by anybody?
  245. Cigarette smoking causes two million deaths annually in the industrial states:
  246. Cigarette smoking has been causing two million deaths annually in the industrial states
  247. Two million deaths are caused annually by cigarette smoking in the industrial states
  248. Two million deaths are being caused by cigarette smoking annually in the industrial states
  249. Two million deaths have been caused annually by cigarette smoking in the industrial states
  250. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you:
  251. Don’t speak until you are spoken to
  252. Don’t speak until someone is spoken to
  253. Don’t speak until you have been spoken to
  254. Don’t speak until someone has been spoken to
  255. Did the noise frighten you?
  256. Did you frighten the noise?
  257. Was the noise frighten by you?
  258. Were you frightened by the noise?
  259. Were you frighten by the noise?
  260. We are reaching the end of this exercise:
  261. This exercise is ended by us
  262. The end of this exercise is being reached by us
  263. This is our end to the exercise
  264. The exercise has reached its end by us
  265. I expect you to complete this work before sunset:
  266. I expect you to be complete this work before sunset
  267. I am expected you to complete this work before sunset
  268. You are expected to complete this work before sunset
  269. You are expected to be completed this work before sunset
  270. The storn did much damage:
  271. Much damage was done by the storm
  272. The storm damaged much
  273. Much damage did the storm
  274. The storm was damaged
  275. The smugglers did not realize that their conversation was being recorded:
  276. The smugglers did not realize that someone was recording their conversation
  277. Someone did not realize that the smugglers were recording their conversation
  278. It was not realised by the smugglers that their conversation was being recorded
  279. The smugglers recorded their conversation without realizing
  280. The principal kept the staff members waiting:
  281. The staff members were kept waiting for the principal
  282. The staff members were kept waiting by the principal
  283. The staff members were waiting for the principal
  284. The staff members were being kept waiting for the principal
  285. Who taught you Grammar?
  286. By whom you were taught Grammar?
  287. By whom were you taught Grammar?
  288. By whom were Grammar you taught?
  289. By whom were Grammar taught to you?
  290. The king gave him a reward :
  291. He was given by the king a reward
  292. He was given a reward by the king
  293. He were given a reward by the king
  294. A reward was given by him to the king
  295. He teaches us grammar :
  296. Grammar was taught to us by him
  297. We are taught grammar by him
  298. We were teached grammar by him
  299. Grammar will be teached to us by him
  300. I don’t like people keeping me waiting:
  301. I don’t like people are kept waiting
  302. I don’t like people were kept me waiting
  303. I don’t like being kept waiting
  304. I don’t like people are being kept waiting
  305. Has a dog ever bitten you?
  306. Has a dog ever bites you?
  307. Have you ever been bitten by a dog?
  308. Are you bitten by a dog?
  309. Have you ever being bitten by a dog?
  310. They will ask a lot of questions at the interview:
  311. You will be asked a lot of questions at the interview
  312. You will asked a lot of question at the interview
  313. You will be being asked a lot of questions at the interview
  314. You shall be being asked a lot of questions at the interview
  315. Our colleague was given a gift when she retired:
  316. Our colleague gave us a gift when she retired
  317. Our colleague was given a gift by us when she retired
  318. A gift was given to our colleague when she retired
  319. We gave our colleague  a gift when she retired
  320. The thief climbed over the wall without being seen:
  321. The wall was climbed over by the theif without being seen
  322. The theif was climbed over the wall without being seen
  323. Without being seen, the thief climbed over the wall
  324. The thief climbed over the wall without any seeing him

Answers

  1.       (C)   2.    (C)   3.    (A)    4.    (C)   5.    (B)    6.    (A)    7.    (A)    8.   (B)    9.    (C)   10.   (B)    11.   (D)   12.   (C)   13.   (C)   14.   (B)    15.   (A)    16.   (B)    17.   (A)    18.   (A)    19.   (B)    20.   (B)    21.   (B)    22.   (A)    23.   (A)    24.   (B)    25.   (C)   26.   (C)   27.   (C)   28.   (D)   29.   (B)    30.   (C)   31.   (A)    32.   (A)    33.   (A)    34    (D)   35.   (C)   36.   (B)    37.   (B)    38.       (D)       39.       (B)       40.       (D)       41.       (A)       42.       (A)       43.      (B)       44.       (D)       45.       (A)       46.       (B)       47.       (C)       48.       (A)       49.       (D)       50.      (B)       51.       (B)       52.       (C)       53.       (B)       54.       (C)       55.       (A)       56.       (C)       57.      (B)       58.       (D)       59.       (B)       60.       (B)       61.       (A)       62.       (B)       63.       (A)       64.      (D)       65.       (D)      

UPTET Paper Level 1 Class 1 to 5 Question Answer Sample Model Practice Set

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