(1) Indian ethos focuses on the existence of human being as a truth. There is nothing perfect other than the supreme soul.
(2) Indian ethos focuses on the belief that, “If you are good, then the whole world is good”.
(3) Indian ethos are the principles derived from the lJpanishads, Bhagwad-Gita and Purans.
(4) According to Indian ethos, there must be a balance between spiritual values and secular values so that even a rich person can lead a life of materialism and spirituality.
(5) The Indian ethos gives greater emphasis on values and ethics. Knowledge is not power. Character is the real power.
(6) Indian ethos emphasizes on inner resources. Inner resources are much more powerful than outer resources.
(7) According to indian ethos, total quality management can be assured through excellence at work, through self motivation and through self development.
Q.4. What are the different elements of Indian ethos?
Ans. Indians ethos are the products of Indians. Indian management methods are bound to work in India. Indian ethos is better than the ethos present in other countries. Indians believe in the following facts:
(1) Ego sublimation, rather than ego assertion.
(2) Sacrificing spirit, rather than fighting spirit.
(3) Team achievement rather than individual achievement.
(4) Spiritual attainment, rather than material prosperity.
(5) Self control, rather than outside control.
(6) Concept of duties, rather than concept of rights.
(7) Yielding, rather than dominating.
(8) Concern for this ageing world and improvement.
(9) Respect and search for all truth, whatever be its source.
Q.5. Describe work balance life.
Ans. Work balance life can be described in the following theory points:
(1) Physical and Psychological Factors: It includes physical and psychological factors like excessive desire for power, self esteem and status, job security, career development-status incongruity (under or over promotion and frustration).
(2) Life Changes: Life and career changes are stress producing. Fast changes are more dangerous than slow changes. Heart attacks are commonly observed in the case of fast changes in life and careers. Economic and social problems are attached with fast changes. The people who belive in work are more stressing prone than people who depend on god for success and failure.
(3) Role Perceptions: A person has to work as a father, frind, brother, boss, junior etc. It is difficult to perform equally well in all the divers roles.
Q.6. Discuss the worklife in Indian Philosophy and also its evolving ethical values.
Ans. Work life in Indian Philosophy: Despite of India having an ancient culture and philosophy about work life, we in India have not yet managed to develop our own management styles in consonance with our own cultural ethos and have been important management systems and styles from foreign countries. While successful countries like the U.S.A.; U.K. and Germany are re-discovering Indian ethos, we in India are in the process of losing it. While the success of Japan in managing its economy and enterprise lies in Japanising the management process within the framework of Japanese ethos, culture and value system. Indian companies find in India itself, an ancient tradition and a unique heritage to draw from, all that they need for their management styles and practices. Indian philosophy regards work as worship and the customer as God himself. Such Indian tradition and heritage, its culture and philosophy, ethos and values are a treasure house, where the richest and the rarest for gems are stored.
Indian Ethos for Work-Life: Work-life ethos or work ethos refers to certain norms of behavior governing the conduct of workers involved in work situations to achieve certain desired objectives. In other words, work culture is the involvement of a workman with work. The degree of one’s involvement impacts his performance to give high or low productivity, high or low quality, i.e. higher the degree of involvement, higher will be the productivity and quality. Sometimes, work culture is also concerned with a worker’s loyalty and sense of belonging, by his behaviour, to the organization. The worker should show his belonging, by his behaviour, to the organization.