BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes
BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes: A2zNotes Presents study material Long Question Answer Notes by the Latest BEd Syllabus for Philosophical and Socialogical Perspective of Education. A Collection of Question-Answers compiled and Edited by A2zNotes Well Experienced Authors Based on Latest Two-Years BEd Curriculum. Here in this post, we will provide you with Long Questions and Answers for the Definition and Meaning of Secularism, and the Essence of Secularism.
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Meaning and Definition of Secularism
The etymological meaning of secularism is taking decisions without any basis on any religion and working accordingly. Our democracy means just this by secularism. Now the question arises of what is meant by religion. There are chiefly three aspects of human life-natural, social and spiritual. For the progress of these three aspects, people have determined certain principles and rules on the basis of their experience. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
Generally, the -spiritual principles, rules, and abidance is called religion. From the Indian viewpoint, religion is that abidance that develops both physical (natural and social) and spiritual aspects of man. According to Maharishi Kanad:
Religion is that which begets worldly progress and spiritual progress.
In the present context, religion can be defined as follows:
Religion is meant those spiritual principles, rules, and code of conduct the abidance with which brings about natural, social, and finally spiritual development of man.
Several religions have developed in the world for the realization of this broad aim. Our Vedic religion is the ancient most in the world. After this, Jain, Buddha, and Sikh religions developed in the country. Later, the scholars analyzed Vedic, Jain, and Boddh religions according to their own viewpoint, as a result, several branches of the same religion developed, and some of them came to consider themselves as greatest. But Indian tradition has been very liberal in this regard. Indian ancient treatise,
Mahabharata terms religion as an evil religion that hinders other religions. Jain religion considers censure of any other religion and making suffer its follower’s violence. Due to this liberal attitude, all religions flourished in India. Religious tolerance is a great characteristic of India. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
The story in other countries is somewhat different. At first, the Jewish religion developed there, and then Christianity and Islam developed from it. The followers of these religions had animosity from the very beginning. There are two chief branches of Christianity—Catholicism and Protestantism. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
These two have fought for their dominance from the beginning. Islam too has two chief branches – Shiite and Sunni. They too have conflicted from the beginning. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
In medieval Europe when the Church dominated, the state felt great trouble in the ruling. Later this issue came to the fore, which religion the state should follow and which religion should be taught in educational institutions. At that time religion dominated education too. In this context, an Act was enacted in Britain that is called Dent Act. This prohibited giving the education of any religion in any educational institution. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
At that time, our country was under English rule. They applied this rule to the educational institutions that were aided by the state. It is considered that with this started secularism in place of religious liberalism in India. After achieving independence we adopted the democratic system. Democracy does not distinguish between man and man on any basis, such as caste, culture, religion, sex, place, etc.; it is without any bias to caste, culture, or religion. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
In order to eliminate the Hindu-Muslim conflict, the 42nd Constitutional Amendment in 1976 added the word ‘secularism’ to the Preamble of the Constitution in order to make this spirit of secularism even clearer. Even otherwise; our Constitution does not confer on the Parliament the right to accord the status of state religion to any particular religion or impose any religion upon anybody or make a particular religion the basis for making any national enactment. This fact has been repeated in various articles of the Constitution in different forms. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
Essence of Secularism
Their essence is as follows:
- There will not be any religion in the name of a state religion.
- The state will not be based on any religion directly or indirectly.
- The state will not discriminate between man and man on the basis of religion.
- All people will have the freedom to follow and propagate their respective religions, but without losing any hindrance in the path of others. Besides, they will have the right to establish their religious institutions, maintenance of movable and immovable property, and manage that property under any law. (BEd 2nd Year Meaning of Secularism Study Material Notes)
- The state will not take part in the propagation of any religion directly or indirectly. The state-run or aided educational institutions will not impose the education of any particular religion on the students.