BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children: In this post, we will learn about BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children? In Bed 2nd Year there is one of the most important questions comes from Growing up as a Learner. You will learn about BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children? Teaching is a social and professional activity. It is a process of development. Teaching is a system of actions that induce learning through interpersonal relationships. and all the rest you will study in this Blog.
Related Posts to see:-
BEd 2nd Year Education and Knowledge Study Notes
BEd 2nd Year What do you understand by Social Forestry
BEd 2nd Year What do you understand by Adult Education
BEd 2nd Year What do you understand by Environmental Management
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Deforestation
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Non-conventional and Alternate Sources of Energy
BEd 2nd Year What do you understand by Natural Resources
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Psychology
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Nature of Psychology
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Educational Psychology
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Utility and Importance of Educational Psychology
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mentally Retarded Children
View all Bed Notes ➜ <Click here>
Meaning and Definitions of Delinquent Children
It is difficult to define the term delinquency’ comprehensively and universally because it has a wide coverage of anti-social behaviour that varies from time to time, place to place, and cultural, social and political conditions of particular conditions. It may be stated that the child who violates the social norms and values is called a delinquent.
A child is said to be a delinquent when he starts stealing assaulting, indulging in sex offences and develops symptoms like pathological lying and truancy. These offences are said to be criminal actions when committed by a person beyond the age handled by juvenile courts. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
Cyril Burt, in his book, revealed, “A child is said to be regarded technical as a delinquent when his anti-social tendencies appear so grave that he becomes or ought to become the subject of official action.”
“A child, who deviates from the social norms of behaviour, is called delinquent children.” -Healy
“A delinquent is one who behaves against social norms breaks, laws, and creates indiscipline in school or other institutions of disobeying the rules. His immoral behaviour is considered not so serious that he should be considered juvenile courts look into his illegal behaviour.” -Education Dictionary
“A child is technically delinquent when his antisocial tendencies a grave that he becomes or ought to become the subject of official action.” -Cyril Bune
“Delinquency may be defined as anti-social behaviour.” -Head field
“Delinquency implies anti-social behaviour involving personal and social disorganization.” -Neumeys.
“Delinquency like aggressive behaviour, in general, can understand as aggressive, hostile behaviour or culturally acquired way of life.” -Telford and Sawre
“A child who breaks the law is wayward, habitually disobedient or who behaves in a way that endangers the health or moral of himself or others who attempt to enter the marriage relationship without the consent of his parents, is called delinquent.”
The term ‘delinquency’ has been defined and explained by experts of different disciplines- psychologists, sociologists biologists, lawyers and experts in mental health and hygiene.
- According to Biologists’. The accounts for anti-social behaviour as rising from organic or pathological factors located in the nervous system of an individual. The delinquent can not adjust to the social environment. Biologists emphasize the genetic basis of delinquency. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
- According to Mental hygienists.’ Delinquency is the expression of an individual needs and mental ailments. He can not gratify his needs by socially acceptable behaviour due to his incompetency or due to economic conditions. He tries to achieve the goal through his anti-social activities which are known as delinquent acts. The delinquent behaviour is a symptom of his needs and mental ailments. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
- According to Sociologists, ‘They have emphasized on social conditions which contribute to anti-social behaviour or delinquency, The political and economic stress can lead to undesirable acts or behaviour. They violate social and cultural norms. A person is compelled by the circumstances to achieve his goal by adopting antisocial methods.
Thus delinquency is the result of unsuccessful efforts to achieve goals of life or society, this is the reason that a person adopts anti-social acts. It is collective reaction formation.
- According to Psychologists, it is a deficiency in the formation of the super-ego. He is unable to identify with the values of his parents and seeks pleasure at the cost of sacrificing the principles of reality and morality. The delinquency is as holes in the superego. Mowrever (1961) defined delinquency as a moral deficiency because of weak conscience due to improper teaching of the child at an early age of life. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
The delinquency is the manifestation of the frustrated needs of the child which ultimately leads to aggression. The delinquent would be a person whose misbehaviour is a relatively serious unlegal offence, which is inappropriate to his level of development, is not committed as a result of extreme low intellect.
According to Travis Hirchi, ‘Delinquency is defined by acts, the detection of which is thought to result in punishment of the person committing them by agents of the large society.”
The legal definition does not reveal any picture of the delinquent’s personality or the causes of his behaviour. Law delinquent’s personality or the causes of his behaviour. Law-makers are not concerned so much with delinquency as with delinquents and naturally, their definition of delinquency has been mostly incomplete and misleading.
Psychologists say that a delinquent is one whose attitude toward society is such that will eventually lead to a violation of the law.
According to Bandura and Walter (1959), delinquency is aggression. They have tried to relate delinquency to the frustration of dependency needs which cause progression. In many studies, psychologists came up with differences between the psychological make-up of tile delinquent and non-delinquent. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
The difference was quantitative rather than qualitative. They consider delinquency to be an Unfortunate expression of the personality and emphasis that the various indices of maladjustment shown by the delinquents have one or more personal meanings ho behind them. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
Characteristics of Delinquents
The above definitions of delinquency indicate the following characteristics which have been enumerated as follows:
- A delinquent child possesses anti-social behaviour.
- He breaks the laws and creates indiscipline in school.
- A delinquent deviates from norms of social behaviour and creates problems in society.
- A delinquent child is an aggressive and hostile behaviour.
- He behaves in such a way that it is harmful to himself and also to others.
- His ego is bent upon immediate pleasure without obeying the norms of social behaviour.
- His immoral behaviour is not considered so serious that may be referred to a court of law.
- His anxiety level is generally very high.
- It is acquired behaviour by the child and not innate.
- The delinquents are emotional and maladjusted.
- The economic conditions of his family are generally poor. The parents are unable to fulfil his needs.
- Delinquency is an acquired behaviour.
- It is unmindful of social norms and expectations.
- Delinquency is a problem for everyone.
- Delinquency is not an abnormality in its true sense.
Taking the above point into consideration, delinquency may be considered as an ego defence for the tension caused by the frustration of one or several of the needs present in the individual. Due to their intrinsic nature, the nation’s laws cannot be applied to every individual. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
Before the age of 14, a boy is not considered capable of having sexual relations according to English law. In one case, the court had to return a verdict other than not guilty for a boy little over ten, who had raped a small girl, thereby causing her death. Considered from the psychologist’s point of view, the enforcement of the law by the police brings an arbitrary element into the concept of juvenile delinquency. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
It is realised element in the concept of juvenile delinquency. It is realised that a country with an efficient police network we have a higher delinquency rate than a country where the police network is fallacious. Truly speaking, the social position and influence of parents play major roles to refer a boy to juvenile court in any country.
The foregoing discussion proves that juveniles do not fall into one simple homogeneous psychiatric or psychological category. The distinction between delinquents and non-delinquents is based on factors which have quantitative differences.
No one can deny the relationship that exists between delinquency and psychological or psychiatric factors. Some individuals in a group follow the rules and taboos while others do not. The latter do not form a psychologically homogeneous group. But psychology can help to explain their behaviour. Although the majority of juvenile delinquents are found among this group, not all of them are delinquents. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
Again, all delinquents are not maladjusted. Delinquent behaviour can be adaptive, getting the special circumstances in which a group finds itself although such behaviour clashes with the generally accepted laws of the society to which the group belongs. This observation is made from a psychiatrical, and thereby to a certain extent a psychological point of view
The concept of delinquency is artificial in nature. This nature varies according conform to the laws in force or the ways in which they are applied. It becomes very difficult to establish one period and another. Research works reveal that this is a major obstacle to research and is a possible source of serious error.
Classification of Delinquency
Psychologists have classified delinquency in various ways. The classification of delinquency into five categories has been done by Had Field, which has developed been listed below:
- Benign Delinquency: It includes such which may be termed as breach of discipline or law or crimes from a legal point of view but from mental health view, they may be normal behaviour e.g. truancy on some beautiful rainy day or for seeing some extraordinary act on the city. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
- Temperamental Delinquency: Temperamental delinquency of certain physiological activities. For example, it is found that girls may steal things during their m.c. days.
- Simple Delinquency: Simple delinquency is the result of the conflict between the need of a child and the home, school or society conditions. It is also known as anti-social behaviour. The main cause may be the poor environment in which the child is living. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
4. Reaction Delinquency: Reaction delinquency, as its name suggests arises from the reactions of the children against society when the child thinks that he is the victim of society, he revolts and tries to break the rules and conventions of the existing society. For this type of delinquency, the child should be guided very carefully and psychologically.
- Psychoneurotic Delinquency: “This type of delinquency is created on account of the expression in the anti-social manner of the repressed tendencies. These repressions occur on account of resentment.” For example, repression of sex urge or instinct may develop the tendency of trendy or telling lies or steal etc. For psycho-neurotic delinquency, the teachers and parents should refer their children to a clinical psychologist.
- Aggressive Tendency: The mode of attack may be physical aggression damaging school property Torturing, committing suicide and forgery. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)
Other Classification of Delinquency: The following are the other categories:
- Aggressive and hostile basis with some person, institution, or objects. elder, birds and animals and maybe with self.
- Standard basis – may be of four types (a) Institutionalized (b) Offender at large (c) Habit basis (d) Individual standard.
- Basis of Individual standard Individual and group.
- Habit basis-First offender and habitual offender.
- Truancy from school, and running from home.
Nowadays, psychiatry has recognised two types of reactions that are different in terms of prognosis and management:
- Dissocial Reaction: Under this type of reaction, the children ate brought up in a normal or immoral home or social environment. Their behaviour is in conformity with that small community although they are unacceptable to the society at large, for example, the children of gipsies, migrant or criminal tribes.
Children are the children of gipsies, migrant or criminal tribes. Children’s personality development is influenced by distorted values of a special subculture. Here the children are capable of establishing enduring emotional attachments and loyalties.
- Psychopathic Reaction: The children in the second category have poor ego development and even poorer development of the superego. They are incapable of forming stable emotional relationships. They have no insight or foresight and they cannot profit from past experiences. They show poor control and seek gratification from immediate desires. Most of them are refractory to all forms of punishment. These children tend to use other human beings as ‘pawns’ or ‘toys’.
The second group of cases have constitutional or genetic defects. There are some behavioural disturbances of children that are also seen in adult psychopaths like truancy alcoholism, drug addiction, stealing, burglary and sexual promiscuity 1951.
The international Union of Child Welfare especially recommended the categories of offences (by children) for investigation: Stealing from home, the persistent telling of lies, wandering from home, cruelty to animals and other bent children, repeated truancy, setting fire and sexual offences etc. Of These setting fire and sexual offences are not so commonly reported in India. agent,
There may be a very thin line of demarcation between deviance and delinquency thin because If effective interventions do not occur at appropriate stages, there is every likelihood of a deviant turning into a delinquent. So the value system of any society, as reflected in its legal norms, continues to serve as the basis for identifying juvenile delinquents.
Taking this view into consideration, a juvenile delinquent is one who falls within the age group of 7-16 years, (18 years in the case of girls) and Fibadulges in any activity that is prohibited by the Indian Penal Code or Local or Special Facts relating to arms, gambling, explosives etc. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Delinquent Children)