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Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation

Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation

Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation

Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation: In this post, we will learn about Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation. In Bed 2nd Year there is one of the most important questions comes from Environment Education. You will learn about Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation. Teaching is a social and professional activity. It is a process of development. Teaching is a system of actions that induce learning through interpersonal relationships. and all the rest you will study in this Blog

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Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation
Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation

Measures of Environmental Conservation

Environmental pollution is a global problem in developed and developing countries. The efforts are being made at all levels to maintain a quality environment. The following are the main measures for environmental conservation,

1. An Ideal System for Genetic Resources. This is an ideal system for genetic resources and conservation. This type includes a system of protected areas of different categories managed with different objectives to bring benefit to society. Natural parks, Sanctuaries, Nature Reserves, Natural Monuments, Cultural Landscapes, Biosphere Reserves etc., belong to this type of conservation. In situ conservation, therefore is not practicable for domesticating. (What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation)

In India, nearly 200 sanctuaries and national parks have been established for wildlife management. Sanctuaries are places where the killing or capturing of any animals is prohibited except under the order of the authorities concerned. They provide protection and optimum living conditions to wild animals. National Parks are set up for preserving flora, fauna, landscapes and historic objects of an area. Some well-known wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India are as follows:

  • Kaziranga wildlife sanctuary
  • Manas wildlife sanctuary and Tiger reserve
  • Jaldapara wildlife sanctuary
  • Palamau National Park
  • Hazaribagh National Park
  • Simlipal National Park
  • Chilks Lake
  • Kolameru Bird Sanctuary
  • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
  • Guindy Deer Park
  • Point Calimera Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mundanthurai Sanctuary
  • Periyar Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Mudamali Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Ranganthittoo Bird Sanctuary
  • Bandipur Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Cotigao Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Bhawan Mahadev Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sesan Gir
  • Kanha National Park
  • Tandoba National Park
  • Sariska
  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (Koeldeo Ghana)
  • Sultanpur Lake Bird Sanctuary
  • Shikari Devi Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Bir Otibagh Sanctuary
  • Dachigam Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Corbet National Park
  • Shivpuri Sanctuary
  • Anamalai Sanctuary

2. Genetic Resource Centres. This is conservation outside their habitats by perpetuating sample population in genetic resource centres, zoos, botanical gardens, culture collections etc., or in the form of gene pools and gamete storage for fish; germplasm banks for seeds, pollen, semen, ova, cells, etc. Plants are more readily maintained than animals. Seed banks, botanical gardens, pollen storage, tissue culture and genetic engineering have been playing important role in this type of conservation.

Under the Ministries of Environment and Forests, Agriculture, and Science and Technology a large number of institutions are involved in the conservation and utilization of bloodthirsty in India. Between them, they are dealing with in situ conservation including sphere reserves, and national parks. Wildlife sanctuaries and ex situ conservation such as field gene banks, seed and other banks, and utilization involving gene and drug prospecting respectively.

The department of environment was set up in 1980 to serve genetic reserves in the form of zoos, botanical gardens and storage as programmes. The environmental information about the awareness following items and work.

  • Environment and Ecology
  • Botanical Survey of Indian and Botanical Gardens.
  • Zoological Survey of India.
  • National Museum of Natural History
  • The Water Pollution Acts, 1974, 1977
  • The Air Pollution Acts, 1981.
  • The Environment Protection Act, 1986.
  • Biosphere Reserve Programme.
  • National Forest Policy and Forestry Development.
  • Forest Policy.
  • Indian Forest Service.
  • Wildlife Preservation.
  • Fundamental Research in Coordination with Higher Education Forestry.
  • Padamaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park
  • National Land Use and Wasteland Development Council
  • National Wastelands Development Board, and
  • Central Ganga Authority
  • River Valley Projects and Dams

3. International Treaty and Environmental Conservation Act. Countries all over the world are facing environmental problems. The first International treaty was done in 1967 for external space treaties with regard to the experiment being done in space to disturb the ecological balance of the earth. The second treaty was done in 1972 to see pollution conservation.

At the international level following agreements were made for environmental conservation:

(i) Atomic experiments prohibition agreement.

(ii) Non-extension of atomic weapons agreement.

(iii) In the open sea oil pollution agreement in 1969 an Act was formulated for the responsibility of the destruction of oil pollution.

(iv) Conservation of Nature and world culture Act 1973.

(v) Forest and wildlife Trade agreement 1973.

(vi) World environment and development commission was formed in 1975,

(vii) International Environmental Conference 1982.

4. World Environment Commission. Under this commission, International Conference was organized in 1972 in Stockholm. The following resolutions were made for the development of the world environment:

(i) Future for all

(ii) Challenges for the whole world.

(iii) The world population and human Resources and Nutrients.

(iv) International co-operation and institutional improvement.

(v) Implementation in practical form.

5. International Organization and Environmental Conservation. Various types of organizations are being established for environmental conservation. The following are the important organizations which are established for environmental conservation and to maintain the quality of the environment:

(i) United Nations Environmental Programme (U.N.E.P.)

(ii) International Fund for Animal Welfare (I.F.A.W.)

(iii) World Wild Life Fund (W.W.F.)

(iv) International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (I.U.C.N.)

(v) International Atomic Energy Agency (I.A.E.A.)

(vi) Council of Environmental Quality (C.E.Q.)
(vii)European Economic Community (E.E.C.)

(vi) Environmental Protection Agency (E.P.A.)

(ix) International Council of Scientific Union (I.C.S.U.)

(x) International Marine Consultative Organization (I.M.C.O.)

(xi) Natural Conservative Council (N.C.C.)

6. National Organization an Environmental Conservation

The present integrated Department of Environment, Forests and Wildlife (D.O.En) in the Ministry of Environmental and Forests was created in September 1985. The Ministry serves as the focal point in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the Planning, Promotion and Coordination of Environmental and Forestry Programmes. The Ministry’s main activities are the survey and conservation of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife, prevention and control of pollution, afforestation and regeneration of the degraded areas of the environment. These are to be achieved through impact assessment, support to organizations, education and training to augment the requisite manpower, collection, implementation of the programmes, and environmental and forestry research. Extension education and trailing to augment the requisite manpower, collection, collation and dissemination of environmental information and creation of environmental awareness. There is the main organization which are working for environmental conservation in our country.

(i) Central Ministry of Environment

(ii) Department of Environmental Education and

(iii) Non-government Organization

7. Education and Environmental Conservation. Education can play a significant role in the process of environmental conservation through formal education and informal education systems.

(i) Formal System of Environmental Education. Environmental awareness and consciousness can be provided by introducing the course of the environment at all levels in different forms. Teacher education is an important organization in this context. There should be a compulsory environmental education course in theory as well as practical. These courses can also be included at the M.Ed level and research work can also be encouraged. (Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation)

(ii) Non-formal System of Environmental Education. The awareness of the environment and environmental problems can also be provided through non-formal education. (Bed 2nd Year What do you mean by Measures of Environmental Conservation)

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