BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene
BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene: In this post, we will learn about BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene? In Bed 2nd Year there is one of the most important questions comes from Growing up as a Learner. BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene? Teaching is a social and professional activity. It is a process of development. Teaching is a system of actions that induce learning through interpersonal relationships. and all the rest you will study in this Blog.
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BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Health
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Meaning and Definition of Mental Hygiene
Mental hygiene is meant the science of mental health. As physiology is the science of taking preventing measures and treatment of the physical structure, functions of different body organs, methods of keeping the body healthy, remedies to unhealth,y and treatment of any bodily defect; in the same manner, mental hygiene is the science of taking measures of keeping the form of the mind, it’s the different forms as unconscious, sub-conscious, conscious and super-conscious, to sitting prevent mental defects and to treat the mind from any types of defects. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
In sum total, this is the science of saving people from mental illnesses, so it is also called mental health science.
As far as keeping the mind healthy is concerned, it had been developed in our country India thousands of years ago. The first six steps of ‘Yoga’ (yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, and samadhi) keep the mind healthy, and following these steps can eliminate mental defects. And the final two steps help in self-realization.
However, in western countries, this movement is the contribution of modern times. This movement is considered to have started in America with the publication of the treatise “A Mind That Found Itself written by W.C. Lifford Bears. Influenced by Bears, Adolf Meyer started to work as a psychiatrist. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
He was the first person in the world who used the term ‘mental hygiene’ in 1911. The chief aim of this movement is to discover the laws of mental health of man and to assist him in living a human life. Drever has defined mental hygiene in this form. In his words:
Mental hygiene means investigating the laws of mental health and taking measures for its preservation. -Drever
Now the question arises of whether mental health is meant for the individual or for society. The answer is that is for both of them. A mentally healthy for society. The answer is that it is for both of them. A mentally healthy individual adjusts well to society and becomes happy. Mental hygiene was developed in western countries with this higher purpose in mind.
Crow and Crow have defined it on this basis. In their words:
Mental hygiene is a science that deals with human welfare and pervades all fields of human relationships. –Crow and Crow
If we look at the above two definitions, we find that both of these are incomplete in themselves, correct. One of them emphasizes the function and the other emphasizes its ultimate aim. In our view, mental hygiene should be defined as follows:
Mental hygiene is that science that acquaints people with the development of mental health, its preservation, measures to protect it from illness, and measures of treatment in case of deficiency, and it assists them in maintaining their mental health properly and thus it looks after the welfare of individual and society, both.
Aims function, Utility, and Improtantance of Mental Hygiene
Indian ‘yoga’ is sublime from of mental hygiene, its chief function or aim is to eliminate the frivolousness of the mind and to raise it above pleasure and pain. In western countries, the function or aim of mental hygiene is to free an individual from psychoses and enable him to adjust in that the individual and the society, both become happy.
According to Shaifer, the aim of mental hygiene is to assist an individual in leading become happier and more coordinated life.
Boring, Langfield and Weld have expressed this aim in a clearer manner. According to them the aim of mental hygiene is to eliminate the anxieties and maladjustments of individuals and provide them more satisfactory and productive life.
The functions of mental hygiene that it performs for keeping the people mentally healthy and to make the whole society happy, can be divided into three classes, and these functions its aims too.
- Preservation functions: In this class included those functions that mental hygiene performs for the development of mental health of the people; such as a balanced diet, regular daily routine, opportunities for free expression, coordination and balance in feelings, desires, and aspirations, assistance in recognizing the innate faculties and awakening of self-confidence.
- Preventive Functions: In this class are included those functions which it performs for the prevention of mental illness; such as improvement in the family environment and school environment.
- Curative Function: In this class are included those functions that it does to cure mental illness; for example diagnosis of aliments, use of different methods for treating different ailments, improvement in the condition of a mental hospital, etc.
Performance of the above three functions is the aims, utility, and importance of mental hygiene.
Mental Health of a child
We shall consider the mental health of a child in three steps-need of mental health of a child, obstacles in the mental health of a child, and measures of improving the mental health of a child. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
Need for Mental Health for a child
Through it is necessary for every infant, child, adolescent, youth, and adult to be mentally healthy alike, only then they can lead a happy life, but the children need it all the more. First, this is the time of formation and deformation of man, and if he is not healthy mentally at this time and takes to maladjustment, then it becomes very difficult to bring him on the right path.
Second, it is necessary for a child to be healthy physically and mentally in order to complete his education properly.
A mentally healthy child is also healthy physically, he is free from negative emotions and adjusts to the environment, friends, and teachers properly. All this helpful physical health his emotional condition is not contrary, a mentally unhealthy child does not keep good emotions, possesses a peevish nature, and is unable to adjust to his circumstances, and all these present obstacles to his learning.
Factors Hindering Mental Health of a child
The factors that influence the mental health of a child can be divided into three classes-hereditary, environmental, and others. We have already discussed them above. Here shall repeat them in brief. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
Hereditary Hindering Factors
If a child is born physically and mentally unhealthy, then this is the gravest obstacle in the development of his mental health. It is clearly due to the reason that if proper genes for physical and mental health have not health be developed? At present, the methods that have been developed for its diagnosis have not provided to be effective. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
Environmental Hindering Factors
- Family Environment: The child who is born physically weak, one of its causes are the genes, and the second is the non-availability of proper nutrition in the womb. A child who does not get proper nutrition in mid-and a difficult task to develop his mental health. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
The family members do not live with love, sympathy, and cooperation for each other, where strife rules and where they live in mental health. The families in which members do not live with love, in mental health. When the family members present before the child the goals beyond his ability and capability, it also becomes an obstacle in the development of his mental health.
- Neighborhood Environment: The child steps out of the family to find himself in the neighborhood. If he does not get the necessary love and place there, he suffers from complexes from the very beginning which deforms his mental health.
If the desires and ambitions of the children in the neighborhood environment increase more than necessary, then this situation is an obstacle to the development of mental health in the child. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
- School Environment: The first function of a school is to modify the trails that a child has in his family neighborhood and society, and to give him proper direction. If teachers do not do so, the child becomes undecided and this becomes an obstacle in the development of his mental health. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
The second function is devoted, does not use effective methods, and does not solve his difficulties properly, the child with love, sympathy, and cooperation, then it is also an obstacle to his mental health. Most children are terrified of examinations, and those who suffer from acute terror are mentally unhealthy. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
- Social Environment: Narrow, closed, and discriminative form of the society, exploitive economic system, lack of security, materialist outlook, uncontrolled political system, etc. also hinder the development of mental health of a child.
- Physical Health: The children who remain physically unhealthy due to any reason, suffer an obstacle in the development of their health. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
- Physical Handicap: A child suffering from physical handicap due to heredity, environmental, prolonged illness, or accident, inculcates an inferiority complex in him and if he is unable to make up this shortcoming by any other trait or quality, then he keeps mentally unhealthy. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)
- Psychological Deficiency: If there occurs a deficiency in the structure of the brain or its functioning, then it is the gravest obstacle in the development of his mental health. Complexes, tension, anxiety, emotional complexes, and mental complex are such mental deficiencies that make a child mentally unhealthy.
Means of Fostering Mental Health of a child
The first measure for the preservation and improvement of the mental health of a child is the control over the obstacles in its development and the second measure is to create favorable factors for its development.
Control over Hereditary Factors
We are aware that the physical and mental health of a child depends basically treats on the genes that he obtains from his parents at the time of conception; so the first need is for the parents to be physically and mentally healthy. The offspring of the children with healthy parents will be healthy too. If the foundation is strong, the building is mentally bound to be strong as well and it can be saved from all environmental storms. (BEd 2nd Year What do you mean by Mental Hygiene)