MBA 1 st year Production Technology Concept Short Question Answers: 2ND Semester Examination Short Question Answers MBA Unit -1 and Production Technology Short Sample Question Paper in English
MBA 1ST YEAR 2ND SEMESTER SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS IN ENGLIISH
Q.1. What is operations management? What are different decisions taken by operations managers for production?
Or Define the terms strategic decisions, operating decisions and control decisions with example.
Ans. Operations Management: Operations management is defined as the field of study that focuses on the effective planning, scheduling, use and control of a manufacturing or service organisation through the study of concepts from design engineering, industrial engineering, management information systems, quality management, production management, inventory management, accounting and other functions as they affect the organisation.
Decisions Taken by Operation Managers for Production: The operation managers take many decisions in production function. They plan, organise staff, control, coordinate organise all the activities in the process of converting all the inputs into outputs. The decisions taken by operation managers for production are as follows:
(a) How many workers do we need?
(b) When do we need them?
(C) Should we have a finished goods inventory?
(d) These tactical decisions become the operating constraints under the operating planning,
3. Control Decisions: Management decisions with respect to operational planning and control are narrow and short-term by comparison. Issues at this level include:
(a) What jobs do we work on today or yesterday?
(b) What jobs have priority?
Hence, these decisions concern the day-to-day activities of workers, quality of products and services, production and overhead costs and maintenance of machines.
MBA 1st year Production Technology Concept Short Question Answers
Q.2. How operations management can be viewed as an input/output system?
Ans. In operations management, there are two approaches given below:
1. Traditional Approaches: The traditional way to think about operations is a transformation process that takes a set of inputs and transform them in some way to create output either goods or services that a customer values.
Input Transforming Output
Material Operation/Process Finished goods
2. Modern Approaches: The modern way to think about operations is the design, operation and improvement of the systems that create and deliver the firm’s primary products and services. Operations management is a functional field of business with clear line management responsibilities.
Inputs Transforming Outputs
(a) Materials (a) Manufacturing operation (a) Finished product
(b) Information (b) Service operation (b) Customer satisfaction
Fig. (b) Operations management is linked to the organization’s aim and objectives. It concerns all the organization’s resources-material, equipment, human resources, time and money. This means that it is involved in all functional areas within the organization as all areas within each organization are concerned with producing some products or services from their resources. This may be an internal product or service to elsewhere in the organization or to the outside world. The operation system covers this process of transforming resources or inputs into the finished output.
Q.3. Explain scope of operations management.
Ans. Scope of Operations management: Operations management concerns with the conversion of inputs into outputs, using physical resources, so as to provide the desired utilities to the customer
while meeting the other organizational objectives of effectiveness, efficiency and
adaptability. It distinguishes itself from other functions such as personnel
o marketing, finance, etc. by its primary concern for conversion by 0 Operations
using physical resources. Following are the activities, which are management refers to
listed under production and operations management functions: the administration of business
1. Location of facilities,
2. Plant layouts and material handling, practices to create the highest
3. Product design. level of efficiency possible
4. Process design,
5. Production and planning control, within an organization.
6. Quality control,
7. Materials management
8. Maintenance management.