Place of Social Studies in School Curriculum Long Question Answer
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What is the place of social studies in the secondary curriculum? Why is it taught as a separate school?
Place of Social Studies in School Curriculum
- It helps the child to acquaint with his past and present cultural, economic, and social environment.
- It helps the child to appreciate his rich cultural heritage.
- It helps the child to get rid of what is undesirable and antiquate especially in the context of social change.
- It helps the child to acquire the right attitudes, knowledge, understanding, and competence needed for adjustment to the environment.
- It helps the child to gain insight into spiritual, economic, and political values. etc, as wide as the earth. It includes the
- It helps the child to use his leisure properly.
- It helps the child to develop democratic citizenship.
- It helps the child to increase social competence.
- It helps the child to foster a national outlook.
- It helps the child to foster international understanding.
The Scope of Social Science
The scope of Social Studies is very vast and wide and in facts, as we world itself and lengthy as the history of man on this earth. It is millions of years prior to recorded history and also the foreseeable future. In the words of John 0. Michaels, “The breadth of Social Studies program provides for a variety of experiences so that the child’s learning will be we and well-balanced. It should also be possible to draw upon another field so that significant problems can be considered in the light of their r narrow compartmentalized program limits social learning.
It draws material from all the social sciences relating to relations, human institutions, and human behaviors. In an emphasis is not laid on any one subject or part, at the cost of another.
It is true that the scope is very vast and wide but this does not mean that the course in Social Studies is the limitless and fathomless ocean and that it knows no ends. Its frontiers have to be encompassed so as to provide an overall integrated outline of ‘Minimum Essential Functional Knowledge’ from various disciplines.
Study of Human Relationship-
- Human relationships form the nucleus of Social Studies. These relationships may be studied under four main heads : (i) People and People, (ii) People and Institution, (iii) People and Earth, and (iv) People and Goods. Thus, Social Studies includes the study of those social sciences and humanities which can be applied for a practical understanding of human relationships. These are history, geography Economics, civics, sociology, literature, religion, and psychology. But Social Studies views these social sciences as a compact whole. Their limitations are the process of synthesizing these subjects into a new field, blending them together, making it a compact and coordinated whole removes. While humanities tend to make man, a man, or humanize him. They describe the entire range of human history, from the earliest time down to the latest moment and the widest reaches of contemporary society.
Functional Study of Natural Sciences–
Social Sciences and natural sciences are interrelated. Recent advances in the fields of physical sciences, industry, and technology have extended man’s vision from family to neighborhood, from neighborhood to town, from town to region, from region to nation, and even beyond expanding the area of human relationship from the local, regional and national level to international level. Therefore the functional study of natural and physical sciences like Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, and Physiology, etc. is an important part of the Social Studies program. For example, while chemistry has helped to eradicate various diseases, history has helped chemistry in providing past human experiences dealing with those diseases.
Functional Study of Fine Arts–
The instructional program of Social Studies also includes the functional study of line arts like drawing, constructing, painting, music, dance, and dramatization. These provide the content needed for a better understanding of people and the world. The functional approach of studies means that whatever factual material is obtained from various holds, should have an immediate relationship to the needs and interests of children. Social Studies includes something happening to pupils and teachers and not merely something studied by them.
Study of Current Affairs-
Current affairs include those events which deal with the present problems and issues. As every current affair finds its background in the past it provides a great source of both historical and geographical learning. As important elements of social studies current affairs make our historical and social learning concrete. They make us think about the social structure of the community and the effects of social forces in their making,
“Current affairs are of great significance in Social Studies as they are of great value to represent in extension and exemplification of the major topics of the curriculum.”
Social Studies seek to promote international understanding of man. Narrow sectional, communal, religious, and national claims should be discouraged. Its special purpose in Indian schools is to spread a clear understanding of democracy and to secure the whole-hearted acceptance of the values on which it is based. Through a unified course of Social Studies, Indian children must learn “Brotherhood of mankind”. Every individual has to net, react and interact in a social group, under social pressure and according to social practices. Therefore, a child must be made familiar with his own needs, the needs of his society, and the part he is expected to play. He must be familiar with the significant problems of living together in the modern world. These problems range from the student’s interpersonal problems to the inter-group, inter-provincial, and international relationships.
Practical Study of Different Resources-
The Social Studies instructional program also includes new elements like character education. civil rights, co-operatives, social behavior, intercultural relations, and planning, For this purpose, Social Studies must provide excursions and visits to different towns and places of historical, importance, utilization of library and community resources, art and social service activities, debates, and dramatization, etc. Thus, the field of Social Studies includes the period prior to recorded history and also the foreseeable future. It draws its material from all social sciences, fine arts, and religion.
Thus, Social Studies provides a wide range of materials involving many skills and leading to generalizations. In the words of Ohicholson and Wright, “Its scope is really very wide and its theme is the present social life of man, the world over.” But Social Studies course is not a limitless and fathomless ocean. It provides only an overall integrated outline of essential common knowledge so it draws only the functional knowledge from various subjects avoiding the material which has no bearing on social context. Its subject matter consists only of very simple and reorganized items of information and experience from various fields having a practical value in the daily lives of children.
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